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History of Transylvania County Manuscript

 Collection
Identifier: SM 80-23
Legible photocopied.
Scope and Contents Ora L. Jones, local historian, genealogist, and newspaperman, of Transylvania County, NC, wrote his history of the county in a series of articles published in the Brevard News and the Asheville Citizen.



The manuscripts in this collection are photocopies of his articles in the News, November 25, 1916, (an incomplete copy) and in the Asheville Citizen, beginning on January 7, 1917, and continuing through March 31 in fourteen installments. The period covered by the history as it appeared in the Asheville Citizen was 1787-1917.



The collection also contains copies of three land indentures.





The summary of Jones' chapters as they appeared in the Asheville Citizen:





Chapter I, pp. 1-8:





Geographic description of Transylvania County when first white settlers came; Description of first white settlers, including General Charles McDowell -- who fought in the Revolutionary War at Cowpens, SC, and King's Mountain, SC -- Ben and James Davidson, William and Matthew Wilson, Samuel and Benjamin King, Lambert Clayton, and Matthew Gillespie.



Chapter II, pp. 8-14:





Early Native American - white settler relationships; "John Carson's Fort"; Colonel Benjamin Hawkins and his treaty efforts with the Indians and the "Hawkins Line"; General Andrew Pickens and the "Pickens Line"; Captain Butler and the "Butler Line"; Cherokee Indian removal; Surveys in the early days of Transylvania County, including the Meigs- Freeman Line.



Chapter III, pp. 15-27:





North Carolina - Georgia boundary dispute, the "Walton War" near Brevard and Seneca. The "War" got its name from Walton County, Georgia.





Chapter IV, pp. 27-33:





"Family Tree of Transylvania County"; Creation of Transylvania County; "Walton War"





Chapter V, pp.33-40





Political history of Transylvania County; Formation of Henderson County, North Carolina; How Transylvania County got its name: Joseph P. Jordon and the 35th North Carolina Regiment (Civil War); Act establishing Transylvania County, February 16, 1861; M. Patton and M.N. Patton.





Chapter VI, pp. 40-46:





Court system in Transylvania County, members of the courts and other county officers; Selection of a county seat; County committee on public buildings; First school board; Court activities, including jury list, 1861; First tax list of county.





Chapter VII, pp. 47-53:





Superior Court of Law, and Court of Equity; Political status of Transylvania during the Civil War; First Superior Court session and first Court of Pleas and Quarter Superior Court of Law, and Court of Equity; Political status of Transylvania during the Civil War; First Superior Court session and first Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions session; First jail; Whiskey regulations; First election of County officers, 1868, including list of those elected; First meeting of County Commissioners, 1869.



Chapter VIII, pp. 53-61:





Transylvania County and the Civil War, including lists of regiments in which Transylvanians served, lists of officers, and battles in which they participated.





Chapter IX, pp. 61-68:





Continuation of history of the county and the Civil War, including discussion of the 62nd North Carolina regiment in which over half of the total number of Transylvanians in the war served.





Chapter X, pp. 68-74:





Transylvania captains in the Civil War and where they served; the 65th North Carolina regiment, the 79th North Carolina regiment, and other outfits in which Transylvanians served; County musters before the War.





Chapter XI, pp. 74-80:





Civil War deserters and outlaws in the Transylvania; Civil War skirmishes during Stoneman's Raid; General George W. Kirk and Kirk's Raiders.





Chapters XII, pp.80-86:





Post Civil War industry in Transylvania; Hendersonville and Brevard Railroad; Transylvania Railroad Company; Lake Toxaway and the tourist industry; Tanning and Lumber Companies; First industrial plant - David River Iron Works.





Chapter XIII, pp. 85-92:





Transylvania as a resort area; Rice planter; Homes, hotels, and clubs.





Chapter XIV, pp. 92-97:





County newspapers: Transylvania Pioneer, French Broad Voice, Western North Carolina Republican, French Broad Hustler, Brevard Clipper, Sylvan Valley News, Brevard News; First county wedding; the "Water Lily," first steamboat to travel through the county.

Dates

  • 1893 - 1917

Conditions Governing Use

No publication fee is made for use of Western Carolina University Library special collections material in scholarly publications. The Library retains sole right to judge what constitutes a non-scholarly or commercial publication. Permission to publish commercially, in circumstances where the Library is qualified to grant it, requires proper authorization. Please contact Special Collections at specialcollections@wcu.edu for more information.

Extent

5 Files (three folders)